Where was golf invented and where did the name of golf come from?
Although golf's place of origin is uncertain, Scotland has the strongest claim. As early as 1457 it was banned there as a threat to archery practice, which was considered vital to national defense.
There is no definitive origin of the word "golf," but there are a few possibilities. It could be from the Dutch word "kolf," which means "club," or it could be from the Scottish word "gowf," which means to hit with an open hand.
—The Fact Monster