What is the type or name of the bird on the flag of Mexico?
According to the legend, Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec's supreme deity, instructed the Aztec people to seek a place where an eagle landed on a prickly-pear cactus, eating a snake.
After years of wandering they found the sign on a swampy island called Lake Texcoco. A settlement was established at the site in 1345 and it was named Tenochtitlan ("Place of the Prickly Pear Cactus"). It served as an important Aztec city until it was razed by the Spanish in 1521.
Mexico City is built on the ruins of this ancient metropolis.
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—The Fact Monster