Alexander SelkirkCastaway / Sailor
Born: c. 1676
Died: 12 December 1721 (yellow fever [?])
Birthplace: Lower Largo, Fife, Scotland
Best known as: The model for Robinson Crusoe
A true-life castaway, Scotsman Alexander Selkirk was the inspiration for Daniel Defoe
's 1719 novel Robinson Crusoe.
While sailing with English privateers in 1704, Selkirk quarrelled with his captain and asked to be put ashore on an uninhabited island off of South America. He took with him a musket, a hatchet, and a few utensils. There he survived alone for four years and four months before being rescued by another English ship. He sailed for two years before returning home, where his story made him a celebrity.
The island where Selkirk left his ship is now called Robinson Crusoe Island; it was formerly known as Más a Tierra or Aguas Buenas.
Copyright © 1998-2015 by Who2?, LLC. All rights reserved.
More on Alexander Selkirk from Fact Monster:
- Alexander Selkirk - Selkirk, Alexander Selkirk, Alexander , 1676–1721, Scottish sailor whose adventures suggested ...
- Alexander Selkirk - Biography of Alexander Selkirk, The model for Robinson Crusoe
- Woodes Rogers - Rogers, Woodes Rogers, Woodes, 1679?–1732, British privateer and colonial administrator. A ...
- Daniel Defoe - Biography of Daniel Defoe, The author of Robinson Crusoe
- Juan Fernández - Juan Fernández Juan Fernández , group of small islands, S Pacific, c.400 mi (640 km) ...