Clara Barton

Nurse / Civil War Figure

Born: 25 December 1821
Died: 12 April 1912 (Natural causes)
Birthplace: North Oxford, Massachusetts
Best known as: Founder of the American Red Cross
Civil War nurse Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross. Barton was a teacher and a U.S. Patent Office clerk before devoting herself to nursing in the American Civil War (1861-65). She earned the nickname "the angel of the battlefield" and in 1864 was named superintendent of all Union nurses. In the 1870s, officials of the International Red Cross invited her to help form a branch of the service in the U.S.; she agreed, and led the American Red Cross for its first 26 years.

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