Aspiring actress Elizabeth Short, now nicknamed the "Black Dahlia," was the victim in a notorious 1947 murder case. (The name was a play on the 1946 movie The Blue Dahlia, written by Raymond Chandler.) On 15 January 1947, Short's body was discovered in a Los Angeles vacant lot, cut in two at the waist and severely mutilated. The gruesome nature of the crime and the Hollywood connection made the case a public sensation. The case was never officially solved, but became famous for the number of people who falsely admitted to the killing.
James Ellroy’s 1987 novel The Black Dahlia is a work of fiction based on the Short murder. A 2006 film based on the novel starred Mia Kirshner as Elizabeth Short, and co-starred Josh Hartnett and Scarlett Johansson.
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