James Madison is considered the most influential contributor to the United States Constitution, and he worked vigorously to see it ratified. He also contributed to The Federalist Papers to explain his advocacy for a strong federal government. He served as a member of Congress and as Jefferson's Secretary of State before winning the presidential election of 1808. Madison served two terms in office, losing much of his prestige over his leadership during the War of 1812. During the war, Madison was forced to flee Washington when the British army invaded. His wife, Dolley stayed behind and salvaged national treasures.
James Madison was the smallest U.S. president, standing 5″ 4″ and weighing about 100 pounds… His first vice president, George Clinton, died in office in 1812; his second vice president, Elbridge Gerry, also died in office, in 1814… Madison was the last surviving signer of the Constitution… He was succeeded in office by James Monroe.
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