John Duns ScotusTheologian
Died: 8 November 1308
Birthplace: Duns, Scotland
Best known as: Medieval philosopher and founder of Scotism
John Duns Scotus was a medieval Christian theologian and philosopher remembered mostly for his defense of the doctrine of Immaculate Conception (that is, that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was free of sin). A member of the Franciscan Order, Scotus taught in Oxford, Paris and Cologne (where he died), embraced Aristotelian philosophy and founded the branch of Scholasticism later called Scotism, a critical response to the teachings of Thomas Aquinas. Called Doctor Subtillis ("The Subtle Doctor"), Scotus upheld the notion of the separate nature of a rational and independent soul, modified the ontological argument put forth by Anselm and defended the primacy of divine will over intellect. Scotus was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1993.
Extra credit: Scotus followers were called Scotists and "duncemen" (after his middle name). Their strong opposition to the revival of classical studies during the Renaissance led to use of the word "dunce" to mean an uneducated person or a numbskull.
Copyright © 1998-2013 by Who2?, LLC. All rights reserved.
Warning: fsockopen(): php_network_getaddresses: getaddrinfo failed: Name or service not known in /site/html/include/amazon.php on line 71 Warning: fsockopen(): unable to connect to :3128 (php_network_getaddresses: getaddrinfo failed: Name or service not known) in /site/html/include/amazon.php on line 71
More on John Duns Scotus from Fact Monster:
Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.