Louis Farrakhan

Religious Figure

Born: 11 May 1933
Birthplace: The Bronx, New York
Best known as:

Head of the Nation of Islam, 1978-

Name at birth: Louis Eugene Walcott

 

Louis Farrakhan is the longtime head of the African-American religious organization the Nation of Islam. Farrakhan is known as a powerful speaker who has promoted black separatism and self-reliance, and is equally well known for his incendiary comments about whites, Jews, Asians, and others whom he feels have exploited blacks. Farrakhan was encouraged to join the Nation of Islam in 1955 by Malcolm X. The group's leader, Elijah Muhammad, died in 1975 and Farrakhan founded a splinter group with the same name in 1978. Since then he has been a prominent figure in American politics while making the Nation of Islam a force in black urban communities. Farrakhan organized the Million Man March in 1995, in which hundreds of thousands of black men converged on Washington, D.C. for a day of speeches and unity. Ten years later the Millions More March celebrated the anniversary and included women and children. Farrakhan announced in September of 2006 that he was stepping down as leader of the Nation of Islam for an indefinite period, due to health problems related to his treatment for prostate cancer. His speech, "One Nation Under God," was billed in February of 2007 as his farewell address.

Extra credit:

Malcolm X split with Elijah Muhammad in 1964 and was later assassinated by three men with ties to the Nation of Islam; many of Malcolm X's supporters have blamed Farrakhan for instigating the murder, either directly or indirectly. Farrakhan has denied this, but in 2000 he expressed regret for speaking against Malcolm X, saying 'I may have been complicit in words that I spoke leading up" to the murder.

Copyright © 1998-2014 by Who2?, LLC. All rights reserved.

More on Louis Farrakhan from Fact Monster:

  • Louis Farrakhan - Farrakhan, Louis Farrakhan, Louis , 1933–, African-American religious leader, b. New York ...
  • Louis Farrakhan - Biography of Louis Farrakhan, Head of the Nation of Islam, 1978-
  • This Day in History: October 16 - October 16 1793 French queen Marie Antoinette was guillotined for treason. 1859 Abolitionist John ...
  • May 11 Birthdays: Salvador Dali - May 11 birthdays: Salvador Dali, Louis Farrakhan, Richard Feynman, Camilo José Cela, Dame Margaret Rutherford, Natasha Richardson, Martha Graham, Irving Berlin
  • Black Muslims - Black Muslims Black Muslims, African-American religious movement in the United States, split since ...
Warning: fsockopen(): php_network_getaddresses: getaddrinfo failed: Name or service not known in /site/html/include/amazon.php on line 71 Warning: fsockopen(): unable to connect to :3128 (php_network_getaddresses: getaddrinfo failed: Name or service not known) in /site/html/include/amazon.php on line 71

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.