Paul BowlesComposer / Writer
Born: 30 December 1910
Died: 18 November 1999
Birthplace: Jamaica, New York
Best known as: Author of The Sheltering Sky
Paul Bowles is best known as the expatriate author of the 1949 novel The Sheltering Sky
, and is a literary icon for his connections with legendary 20th century artists such as Gertrude Stein
, Tennessee Williams, Orson Welles
, Aaron Copland and William S. Burroughs
. After visiting Europe and Northern Africa in the early 1930s, Bowles worked in New York as a composer and music critic. In 1938 he married acclaimed writer Jane Auer (later Jane Bowles), and in 1947 he moved to Morocco, where he began writing. The Sheltering Sky
was a critical and commercial success, and Bowles secured a place for himself as an outsider and an astute observer of the differences between cultures. His other works include The Spider's House
(1955), A Life Full of Holes
(1964) and an autobiography, Without Stopping
Italian filmmaker Bernardo Bertolucci made a film version of The Sheltering Sky (1990), starring Debra Winger and John Malkovich.
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