Rachel CarsonBiologist / Writer
Born: 27 May 1907
Died: 14 April 1964 (cancer)
Birthplace: Springdale, Pennsylvania
Best known as:
The author of Silent Spring
After studying marine biology and zoology, Rachel Carson worked for the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries as a writer and bureaucrat, while at the same time writing popular science articles for magazines. In 1941 she published Under the Sea-Wind, the first in a series of books about the ocean. She became widely known as a scientist with a flair for writing. She turned her attention to the "indiscriminate" use of pesticides, and her 1962 book Silent Spring set off a national controversy for suggesting that maybe all the poison we were using on forests and crops should be tested more and evaluated differently. Pilloried at the time for being a "bunny hugger," Carson was a major influence on the ecological and conservation movements of the late 20th century.
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