Sigmund Freud


Born: 6 May 1856
Died: 23 September 1939 (cancer)
Birthplace: Freiberg, Moravia (now Czech Republic)
Best known as:

The founder of psychoanalysis

Name at birth: Sigismund Freud


Sigmund Freud grew up in Vienna, Austria and became a doctor of psychiatry. Early in his career he was interested in hypnosis as a cure for hysteria, believing that the symptoms were directly related to repressed psychological trauma. He started the practice of "free association," an effort to reveal unconscious emotions, and increasingly emphasized sexual development as the basis for psychological tension. Freud worked briefly with Carl Jung, was a professor in Vienna and co-founded the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society and the International Psychoanalytic Association. In 1938 he left Austria for England to escape Hitler's government. Freud battled mouth cancer the last several years of his life, but continued to smoke cigars, his trademark.

Copyright © 1998-2015 by Who2?, LLC. All rights reserved.

More on Sigmund Freud from Fact Monster:

  • Sigmund Freud - Freud, Sigmund Freud, Sigmund , 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. ...
  • Sigmund Freud - Biography of Sigmund Freud, Founder of psychoanalysis
  • 1900 – 1909 World History - 1900 – 1909 World History Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) Leo Baeck Inst./Archive Photos ...
  • 1910 – 1919 World History - 1910 – 1919 World History Albert Einstein (1879–1955) AIP Niels Bohr Library Vladimir ...
  • Ernest Jones - Jones, Ernest Jones, Ernest, 1879–1958, British psychoanalyst, b. Wales. He taught ...

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.