Sun TzuMilitary Strategist
Born: 500 B.C.
Birthplace: Ch'i State, China
Best known as: The author of The Art of War
The earliest known work on military strategy and war, The Art of War
consists of 13 short chapters attributed to a man named Sun Tzu, also known as Sun Tzi or Sun Wu. Little is known about the man, but he is widely believed to have been an accomplished general when he wrote the text. It emphasizes surprise and deception, with lines like "When capable, feign incapacity; when active, inactivity." The Art of War
became known in Europe in the 18th century, and something of a manual for U.S. military strategists in the 20th century, when it was popularized by Henry Kissinger
, among others.
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