Sylvia PlathPoet / Writer
Born: 27 October 1932
Died: 11 February 1963 (suicide)
Birthplace: Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
Best known as: Poet and author of The Bell Jar
Sylvia Plath's haunting and personal poems and her tragic life story have placed her in the pantheon of contemporary American poets. Plath grew up outside Boston, graduated from Smith College and attended Cambridge University in England on a Fulbright Scholarship. In 1956 she married English poet Ted Hughes
and, after a brief period teaching at Smith, settled in Devon, England. In 1960 she published her first collection of poems as The Colossus
to favorable reviews, but her marriage to Hughes dissolved and Plath moved to London with her two children. Between 1961 and 1963 she wrote dozens of poems, but continued to struggle with a mental illness that had already caused her to attempt suicide twice. In 1962 her play Three Women
was performed on BBC, and her semi-autobiographical novel, The Bell Jar
, was published under a pseudonym. In February of 1963 Plath gassed herself to death with her kitchen oven. Most of her published works appeared posthumously, including Ariel
(1965), Winter Trees
(1972) and Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams
(1979, a collection of short fiction). In 1981 The Collected Poems of Sylvia Plath
was published, edited by Hughes; it won a Pulitzer
Prize in 1982.
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