Here, we start the construction of your writing with the phrase, one of the key building blocks of the sentence. There are several different kinds of phrases, including prepositional phrases (with the subcategories adjectival phrases and adverbial phrases), appositives, and verbals. In this section, you learn them all. First, I teach you the individual parts of each different phrase and then ease you into the phrases themselves.
A phrase is a group of words that functions in a sentence as a single part of speech. A phrase does not have a subject or a verb. As you write, you use phrases to …
The following table shows the different types of phrases.
|Type of Phrase||Definition||Example|
|Prepositional||Begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun||… by the lake|
|Adjectival||Prepositional phrase that funtions as an adjective||She has a fish with red gills.|
|Adverbial||Prepositional phrase that functions as an adverb.||We cheered with loud voices.|
|Appositive||Noun or pronoun that renames another noun or pronoun.||Lou, a Viking, enjoys plunder.|
|Verbal||A verb form used as another part of speech.||(See the following three entries.)|
|Participle||Verbal phrase that functions as an adjective.||Eating slowly, the child was finally quiet.|
|Gerund||Verbal phrase that functions as a noun||Partying hearty requires great endurance.|
|Infinitive||Verbal phrase that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb.||To sleep late on Sunday is a real treat.|
Excerpted from The Complete Idiot's Guide to Grammar and Style © 2003 by Laurie E. Rozakis, Ph.D.. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Used by arrangement with Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.