As much as we use the telephone to reach out and touch someone, there are times when only a letter will do. Personal letters share feelings and information among friends and family, while social notes relay an invitation or refuse one. These letters also express our gratitude, congratulations, or condolences. We also have letters of opinion, sent to newspapers, businesses, and the media. In this section, you'll learn how to write these important and useful types of letters.
You could argue that personal e-mail is essentially the same as a personal letter. However, since e-mail isn't accessible to everyone, letters are still the socially correct form of personal written communication.
Letters are a testimony to the enduring attempts of human beings to bridge the communication gap between themselves and others. Letters pack an astonishingly big wallop for their size. In some cases, they even become the stuff of history.
E.M. Forester (1879-1970) is most famous for his novels A Passage to India, A Room with a View, and Howard's End. Forster's letters, published in 1980, “provided greater insight into the relationship between his life and art,” one critic noted. (Nearly all his novels have been filmed in luscious if languid versions by the cinematic duo Merchant/Ivory.)
“Of course,” you say, “all those letters the bigwigs write to each other get into the history books.” That's certainly true, but even personal letters can influence the course of events. For example, Abigail Adams (1744-1818), the wife of John Adams, America's second president, was an untiring letter writer. After John left their Massachusetts home to serve in the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia, the couple saw each other only intermittently for the next 10 years. While raising the children and managing the family's business affairs, Abigail also became an untiring advocate for women's rights. From her letter of March 31, 1776, came the famous phrase “Remember the ladies!”:
Even though personal letters are not as formal as business letters, they contain the same elements: heading, salutation, body, closing, signature. See “The Professional Edge: Writing on the Job” for model letters.
Keep this in mind the next time you write a letter to your spouse or lover. You could be making history.
Personal letters are written for several important and intriguing reasons. These include an urge to record an experience, the desire to respond to a situation, the craving to maintain contact, a wish to offer congratulations or comfort, and the longing to be creative. Elinore Rupert Stewart, a pioneer trekking west at the turn of the century, wrote for all these reasons. Today, letters such as hers offer us a fascinating record of the westward expansion.
Let's look a little more closely at the reasons why people write personal letters. See which items match your reasons for writing letters to friends and family. (Or why you should start writing them!)
With telephones and e-mail, you'd think the personal letter was as dead as a dodo. It's actually flourishing, thank you very much. Let's review the generally accepted conventions of letter writing.
Excerpted from The Complete Idiot's Guide to Writing Well © 2000 by Laurie Rozakis, Ph.D.. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Used by arrangement with Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.