Principality of Andorra

Prime Minister: Antoni Martí (2011)

Chiefs of State (Coprinces): Francois Hollande for France and Joan Enric Vives Silília for Spain

Total area: 174 sq mi (451 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 85,082 (growth rate: 0.27%); birth rate: 9.26/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.76/1000; life expectancy: 82.5; density per sq mi: 412

Capital and largest city (2009 est.): Andorra la Vella, 25,000

Monetary units: Euro

National name: Principat d'Andorra

Current government officials


Languages: Catalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese

Ethnicity/race: Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)

Religion: Roman Catholic (predominant)

National Holiday: Our Lady of Meritxell Day, September 8

Literacy rate: 100%

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011): $3.169 billion; per capita $37,200. Real growth rate: -1.8%. Inflation: 1.6%. Unemployment: 2.9% (2011 est.). Arable land: 2.13%. Agriculture: small quantities of rye, wheat, barley, oats, vegetables; sheep. Labor force: 38,220 (2011); agriculture 0.3%, industry 20.3%, services 79.4%. Industries: tourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking. Natural resources: hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead. Exports: $64 million f.o.b. (2011): tobacco products, furniture. Imports: $1.474 billion (2011): consumer goods, food, electricity. Major trading partners: Spain, France

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 38,200 (2011); mobile cellular: 65,500 (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 15, shortwave 0 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 0 (1997). Internet hosts: 28,131 (2012). Internet users: 67,100 (2011).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 320 km; Ports and harbors: none. Airports: none.

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

Flag of Andorra


Andorra is nestled high in the Pyrénées Mountains on the French-Spanish border.


A parliamentary coprincipality composed of the bishop of Urgel (Spain) and the president of France. Their representatives are listed above. The principality was internationally recognized as a sovereign state in 1993.


An autonomous and semi-independent coprincipality, Andorra has been under the joint suzerainty of the French state and the Spanish bishops of Urgel since 1278. It maintains closer ties to Spain, however, and Catalán is its official language. In the late 20th century, Andorra became a popular tourist and winter sports destination and a wealthy international commercial center because of its banking facilities, low taxes, and lack of customs duties. In 1990 Andorra approved a customs union treaty with the EU permitting free movement of industrial goods between the two, but with Andorra applying the EU's external tariffs to third countries. Andorra became a member of the UN in 1993 and a member of the Council of Europe in 1994. In 2002, Andorra shut down an incinerator that was emitting 1,000 times the dioxin levels permitted by the EU.

On June 3, 2009, Jaume Bartumeu was elected the new head of government with 14 votes in the the 28-seat Parliament.

See also Encyclopedia: Andorra.
U.S. State Dept. Country Notes: Andorra
Department of Studies and Statistics (In Catalán only)

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