Status: Overseas territory

Governor: Christina Scott (2013)

Chief Minister: Hubert Hughes (2010)

Total area: 35 sq mi (91 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 16,086 (growth rate: 2.06%); birth rate: 12.68/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.4/1000; life expectancy: 81.2

Capital (2003 est.): The Valley, 2,000

Monetary unit: East Caribbean dollar

Ethnicity/race: black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 census)

Literacy: 95% (1984 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $175.4 million; per capita $12,200. Real growth rate: 2.8%. Inflation: 3.1% (2013). Unemployment: 8% (2002). Arable land: 0%. Agriculture: small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising. Labor force: 6,049 (2001); commerce 36%, services 29%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, manufacturing 3%, agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4% (2000 est.). Industries: tourism, boatbuilding, offshore financial services. Natural resources: salt, fish, lobster. Exports: $12.2 million (2013): lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum. Imports: $140.1 million (2013); fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles. Major trading partners: UK, U.S., Puerto Rico, Saint-Martin (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 6,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 26,000 (2012). Broadcast media: 1 private TV station; multi-channel cable TV subscription services are available; about 10 radio stations, one of which is government-owned (2007). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 269 (2012). Internet users: 3,700 (2009).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 175 km; paved: 82 km; unpaved: 93 km (1997). Ports and harbors: Blowing Point, Road Bay. Airports:1 (2013).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

Anguilla was first colonized in 1650 by English settlers from St. Christopher (St. Kitts) and has since remained a British territory. It was originally part of the West Indies Associated States as a component of the St. Kitts–Nevis-Anguilla Federation. In 1967, Anguilla declared its independence from the federation but Britain did not recognize this action. In Feb. 1969, Anguilla voted to cut all ties with Britain and become an independent republic. In March, Britain landed troops on the island and, on March 30, a truce was signed. In July 1971, Anguilla became a dependency of Britain and two months later Britain ordered the withdrawal of all its troops. A new constitution for Anguilla, effective in Feb. 1976, provided for separate administration and a government of elected representatives. The Associated State of St. Kitts–Nevis-Anguilla ended in 1980, and in 1982 a new Anguillan constitution took effect.

Over the years, Anguilla became popular as a tax haven. There were no forms of taxation, no capital gains, estate or profit taxes for corporations or individuals. However, in April 2011, Anguilla issued its first income tax, a three percent Interim Stabilisation Levy, due to a mounting deficit. On July 23, 2013, Christina Scott became governor.

See also Encyclopedia: Anguilla.
Statistics Unit

Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies of the United Kingdom Bermuda


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