Status: Part of the Kingdom of the
Governor: Fredis Refunjol (2004)
Prime Minister: Mike Eman
Current government officials
Total area: 75 sq mi (193 sq km)
Population (July 2013 est.): 109,153 (growth
rate: 1.39%); birth rate: 12.72/1000; infant mortality rate:
12.12/1000; life expectancy: 76.14; density per sq mi: 1,470
Capital and largest city (2010 est.):
Monetary unit: Aruban
Languages: Dutch (official), Papiamento,
Ethnicity/race: mixed European/Caribbean
Religions: Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant
8%, Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish
Flag Day, March 18
Literacy rate: 96.8% (2010 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009
est.): $2.516 billion; per capita $25,300. Real growth rate:
2.4%. Inflation: 0.6% (2012 est.). Unemployment:
6.9% (2005). Arable land: 11% aloe plantations included (0.01%).
Agriculture: aloes; livestock; fish. Labor force:
51,610 (2007 est.); most employment is in wholesale and retail trade
and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants; oil refining.
Industries: tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining.
Natural resources: negl.; white sandy beaches. Exports:
$2.745 billion (including oil reexports) (2012 est.): live
animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and
electrical equipment, transport equipment. Imports: $3.299 billion (2012 est.): machinery and electrical equipment,
crude oil for refining and reexport, chemicals; foodstuffs. Major
trading partners: Venezuela, Netherlands
Antilles, Colombia, U.S. (2012).
Major sources and definitions
Aruba, an island slightly larger than
Washington, DC, lies 18 mi (28.9 km) off the coast of Venezuela in the
The Arawak Indians were the first inhabitants of
Aruba. Spain explored the island in 1499, and more than a century later
the Netherlands (1636) claimed the island. After a brief rule by the
British, the Dutch again took control of the island in 1816, and it
officially became part of the Netherlands Antilles in 1845.
On Jan. 1, 1986, Aruba seceded from the
federation, but it decided in 1994 to postpone indefinitely the transition
to full independence. The Netherlands controls Aruba's defense and foreign
affairs, but all internal affairs are handled by an island government
directing its own civil service, judiciary, revenue, and currency.
See also Encyclopedia: Aruba
U.S. State Dept. Country Notes:
Central Bureau of Statistics http://www.aruba.com/extlinks/govs/cbstats.html .
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