Bermuda

Status: Overseas territory

Governor: George Fergusson (2012)

Premier: Michael Dunkley (2014)

Land area: 19 sq mi (49 sq km); total area: 21 sq mi (53.3 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 69,839 (growth rate: 0.52%); birth rate: 11.35/1000; infant mortality rate:2.48/1000; life expectancy: 81.04

Capital (2011 est.): Hamilton, 11,000

Monetary unit: Bermuda dollar

Ethnicity/race: black 53.8%, white 31%, mixed 7.5%, other 7.1%, unspecified 0.6% (2010 est.)

Religion: Protestant 46.1% (Anglican 15.8%, African Methodist Episcopal 8.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 6.7, Pentecostal 3.5%, Methodist 2.7%, Presbyterian 2.0 %, Church of God 1.6%, Baptist 1.2%, Salvation Army 1.1%, Bretheren 1.0%, other Protestant 2.0%), Roman Catholic 14.5%, Jehovah's Witness 1.3%, other Christian 9.1%, Muslim 1%, other 3.9%, none 17.8%, unspecified 6.2% (2010 est.)

Language: English (official), Portuguese

National Holiday: Bermuda Day, May 24

Literacy rate: 98% (2005 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $5.6 billion; per capita $86,000. Real growth rate: -3.5%. Inflation: 1.8% (2013). Unemployment: 8% (2012 est.). Arable land: 20%. Agriculture: bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products, honey. Labor force: 37,400; agriculture and fishing 3%, laborers 17%, clerical 19%, professional and technical 21%, administrative and managerial 15%, sales 7%, services 19% (2004 est.). Industries: international business, tourism, light manufacturing. Natural resources: limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism. Exports: $13 million (2013 est.): reexports of pharmaceuticals. Imports: $925 million (2013 est.): clothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals. Major trading partners: Australia, UK, Indonesia, Turkmenistan, China, Singapore, U.S. (2012).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 69,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 91,000 (2012). Broadcast media: 3 TV stations; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; roughly 13 radio stations operating (2012). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 20,040 (2012). Internet users: 54,000 (2009).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 447 km; paved: 447 km; unpaved: 0 km (2010) note: 222 km are privately owned. Ports and harbors: Hamilton, Saint George's, Ireland Island. Airports: 1 (2013).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

Bermuda is an archipelago of about 360 small islands, 580 mi (934 km) east of North Carolina. The largest is (Great) Bermuda, or Main Island. Explored by Juan de Bermúdez, a Spaniard, the islands were settled in 1612 by an offshoot of the Virginia Company. Bermuda became a Crown colony in 1684.

In 1968, Bermuda was granted a new constitution, its first premier, and autonomy, except for foreign relations, defense, and internal security. The predominantly white United Bermuda Party has retained power in four elections against the opposition—the black-led Progressive Labour Party—although Bermuda's population is 58% black. U.S. air and navy bases, which had been leased in 1941 for 99-year terms, closed in 1995, along with Canadian, British army, and Royal Navy bases. In a referendum held in Aug. 1995, nearly three-fourths of those voting opposed independence.

See also Encyclopedia: Bermuda.
U.S. State Dept. Country Notes: Bermuda


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Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies of the United Kingdom

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