Status: Overseas Department

Prefect: Ange Mancini (2007)

Land area: 409 sq mi (1,059 sq km); total area: 425 sq mi (1,100 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 412,305 (growth rate: 0.3%); birth rate: 13.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 7.2/1000; life expectancy: 79.6; density per sq km: 360.9

Capital and largest city (2006 est.): Fort-de-France 90,347

Other large cities: Le Lamentin, 36,400; Schoelcher, 21,400; Sainte-Marie, 20,600

Monetary unit: euro

Languages: French, Creole patois

Ethnicity/race: African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, Indian Tamil or East Indian, Chinese less than 5%

Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

Literacy rate: 97.7% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2010 est.): $9.61 billion; per capita $24,118. Real growth rate: n.a. Inflation: 3.9% (1990). Unemployment: 27.2% (1998). Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane. Labor force: 165,900 (1998); agriculture 10%, industry 17%, services 73% (1997). Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism. Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land. Exports: $250 million (f.o.b., 1997): refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples (2001 est.). Imports: $2 billion (c.i.f., 1997): petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods. Major trading partners: France, Guadeloupe, Venezuela, Germany, Italy, U.S. (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 172,000 est. (2001); mobile cellular: 319,900 (2002). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 14, shortwave 0 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 11 (plus nine repeaters) (1997). Internet hosts: n.a. Internet users: 5,000 (2000).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 2,105 ; paved: n.a. km; unpaved: n.a. km (2000). Ports and harbors: Fort-de-France, La Trinite, Marin. Airports: 2 (2004 est.).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

flag of Martinique

Martinique, a mountainous island lying in the Lesser Antilles about 300 mi (483 km) northeast of Venezuela, was probably explored by Columbus in 1502 and was taken for France in 1635. Martinique became a domain of the French crown in 1674. It became an overseas department of France in 1946.

See also Encyclopedia: Martinique.

GuadeloupeFrench Overseas DepartmentsRéunion

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