Micronesia

Federated States of Micronesia

President: Emmanuel Mori (2007)

Total area: 271 sq mi (702 sq km). Land area, same (includes islands of Pohnpei, Yap, Chuuk, and Kosrae)

Population (2010 est.): 107,154 (growth rate: –0.2); birth rate: 22.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 25.2/1000; life expectancy: 71.2; density per sq km: 153

Capital (2003 est.): Palikir 11,600

Monetary unit: U.S. Dollar

Current government officials

Languages: English (official, common), Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

Ethnicity/race: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%

National Holiday: Constitution Day, May 10

Literacy rate: 89% (1980 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2008 est.): $238.1 million; note: GDP is supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually; per capita $2,200 (2008 est.). Real growth rate: 0.3%. Inflation: 2.2%. Unemployment: 22% (2000 est.). Arable land: 6%. Agriculture: black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish. Labor force: 37,410 (2000); agriculture: 0.9%, industry: 34.4%, services: 64.7%; note: two-thirds are government employees (FY05 est.). Industries: tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls. Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals. Exports: $14 million (2004 est.): fish, garments, bananas, black pepper. Imports: $132.7 million (2004 est.): food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages. Major trading partners: Japan, U.S., Hong Kong, Guam (2006).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 12,400 (2005); mobile cellular: 14,100 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004). Radios: 9,400 (1996). Television broadcast stations: 3 (2004). Televisions: 2,800 (1999). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 632 (2007). Internet users: 16,000 (2006).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 240 km; paved: 42 km; unpaved: 198 km (1999 est.). Ports and harbors: Colonia (Yap), Kolonia (Pohnpei), Lele, Moen. Airports: 6 (2007).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

Flag of Microneisa

Geography | Government | History

Geography

The Federated States of Micronesia is composed of the island states of Yap, Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), and Kosrae, all in the Caroline Islands. The islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low coral atolls, with volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk. They are located 3,200 mi (5,150 km) west-southwest of Hawaii, in the north Pacific Ocean.

Government

Constitutional government in free association with the United States since Nov. 1986.

History

The islands, inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian peoples, were colonized by Spain in the 17th century. Germany purchased them from Spain in 1898. They were occupied by the Japanese in 1914, but American forces seized them from the Japanese during World War II. On April 2, 1947, the United Nations Security Council created the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The trust placed the Northern Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall Islands under the administration of the United States.

International Integration

The Micronesian Federation (FMA) became self-governing in 1979. In 1983, the FMA voted to accept a Compact of Free Association with the U.S., and in Nov. 1986, the U.S. government declared the Trust Territory agreements no longer in effect—thereby granting the Federated States of Micronesia full independence. In Nov. 2002 the compact was renewed for another 20 years.The FMA was admitted to the United Nations on Sept. 17, 1991. In July 1993, the country became a member of the International Monetary Fund.

Climactic Changes

Micronesia, as well as many other South Pacific countries, is alarmed by the effect continued global warming will have on its islands. The consequent rise in the level of the oceans threatens low-lying islands with flooding and, eventually, submergence.

In 2004, Yap was ravaged by Typhoon Sudel, and much of its infrastructure was destroyed.

See also Encyclopedia: Micronesia
U.S. State Dept. Country Notes: Micronesia
Government of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) http://www.fsmgov.org/info/people.html .


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