San Marino

Republic of San Marino

Captains Regent: Valeria Ciavatta and Luca Beccari (2014)

Total area: 23 sq mi (60 sq km)

Population (2011 est.): 32,140 (growth rate: 0.98%); birth rate: 8.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.65/1000; life expectancy: 83.07; density per sq mi: 1,297.6

Capital (2011 est.): San Marino, 4,493

Largest city: Serravalle, 9,394 (2003 est.)

Monetary unit: Euro

National name: Repubblica di San Marino

Current government officials

Language: Italian

Ethnicity/race: Sammarinese, Italian

Religion: Roman Catholic

Literacy rate: 96%

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $1.136 billion; per capita $36,200 (2009). Real growth rate: 0.8%. Inflation: 3.1% (2008). Unemployment: 5.5% (2011). Arable land: 17%. Agriculture: wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides. Labor force: 22,050 (2011); services 57%, industry 42%, agriculture 1% (2000 est.). Industries: tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine. Natural resource: building stone. Exports: $2.457 billion (2010): building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics. Imports: $2.132 billion (2010): wide variety of consumer manufactures, food.

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 21,700 (2009); mobile cellular: 24,000 (2009). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2008). Radios: 16,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 1 (San Marino residents also receive broadcasts from Italy) (2008). Televisions: 9,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 11,097 (2010). Internet users: 17,000 (2009)

Transportation: Railways: 0 km; note: there is a 1.5 km cable railway connecting the city of San Marino to Borgo Maggiore. Highways: total: 292 km; paved: 292 km; unpaved: 0 km (2006). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: none.

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

Flag of San Marino

Geography

One-tenth the size of New York City, San Marino is surrounded by Italy. It is situated in the Apennines, a little inland from the Adriatic Sea near Rimini.

Government

Republic.

History

According to tradition, San Marino was founded about A.D. 350 and had the good luck for centuries to stay out of the many wars and feuds on the Italian peninsula. It is the oldest republic in the world. San Marino has survived, completely intact, attacks by other self-governing Italian city-states, the Napoleonic Wars, the unification of Italy, and two world wars. Those born in San Marino remain citizens and can vote no matter where they live. It joined the United Nations in 1992.

According to tradition, San Marino was founded about A.D. 350 and had the good luck for centuries to stay out of the many wars and feuds on the Italian peninsula. It is the oldest republic in the world. San Marino has survived, completely intact, attacks by other self-governing Italian city-states, the Napoleonic Wars, the unification of Italy, and two world wars. Those born in San Marino remain citizens and can vote no matter where they live. It joined the United Nations in 1992.

The Captains Regent, an elected pair, serves as San Marino's heads of state. The two people are elected every six months by the Grand and General Council of San Marino. Each new pair takes office the first day of every April and October. As of April 1, 2014, the current two heads of state and government are Valeria Ciavatta and Luca Beccari.

See also Encyclopedia: San Marino.
U.S. State Dept. Country Notes: San Marino


Countries