UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS
Governor: Kenneth Mapp (2015)
Capital (2010 est.): Charlotte Amalie (on St. Thomas), 18,481
Land area: 135 sq mi (349 sq km); total area: 136 sq mi (352 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 104,170 (growth rate: –0.56%); birth rate: 10.49/1000; infant mortality rate: 6.79/1000; life expectancy: 79.75; density per sq mi: 804
Languages: English 74.7%, Spanish or Spanish Creole 16.8%, French or French Creole 6.6%, other 1.9%
Ethnicity/race: black 76.2%, white 13.1%, Asian 1.1%, other 6.1%, mixed 3.5%
Religions: Protestant 59% (Baptist 42%, Episcopalian 17%), Roman Catholic 34%, other 7%
Literacy rate: 90-95% (2005 est.)
Monetary unit: U.S. dollar
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $1.577 billion; per capita $14,500. Real growth rate: 2%. Inflation: 2.2% (2003). Unemployment: 6.2% (2004 est.). Arable land: 2.86%. Agriculture: fruit, vegetables, sorghum; Senepol cattle. Labor force: 49,820 (2007 est.); agriculture 1%, industry 19%, services 80% (2003 est.). Industries: tourism, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, electronics. Natural resources: sun, sand, sea, surf. Exports: $4.234 billion: refined petroleum products. Imports: $4.609 billion: crude oil, foodstuffs, consumer goods, building materials. Major trading partners: U.S., Puerto Rico (2004).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 75,800 (2010); mobile cellular: 80,300 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: 24 (2009). Radios: 107,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 12 (2009). Televisions: 68,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4,790 (2012). Internet users: 30,000 (2009).
Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 1,260 km; paved: n.a. km; unpaved: n.a. km (2008). Ports and harbors: Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted, Cruz Bay, Frederiksted, Limetree Bay. Airports: 2 (2013).
International disputes: none.
The Virgin Islands, consisting of nine main islands and some 75 islets, were explored by Columbus in 1493. They were originally inhabited by the Carib Indians. Since 1666, England has held six of the main islands; the remaining three (St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John), as well as about 50 of the islets, were eventually acquired by Denmark, which named them the Danish West Indies. In 1917, these islands were purchased by the U.S. from Denmark for $25 million.
Congress granted U.S. citizenship to Virgin Islanders in 1927. Universal suffrage was given in 1936 to all persons who could read and write English. The governor was elected by popular vote for the first time in 1970; previously he had been appointed by the U.S. president. A unicameral 15-person legislature serves the Virgin Islands, and congressional legislation gave the islands a nonvoting representative in Congress. Residents of the islands substantially enjoy the same rights as those enjoyed by mainlanders, but they may not vote in presidential elections.
Tourism is the primary economic activity, accounting for most of the GDP and 70% of employment. All goods made in the Virgin Islands qualify for duty-free entry into the United States.
See also Encyclopedia: Virgin Islands.
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