Wallis and Futuna Islands

Status: Overseas Territory

Administrator: Richard Didier (2006)

Total area: 106 sq mi (274 sq km)

Population (2006 est.): 16,168 (growth rate: n.a.); birth rate: n.a.; infant mortality rate: n.a.; life expectancy: n.a.; density per sq mi: 153

Capital (2003 est.): Mata-Utu, 1,300

Languages: French, Wallisian

Ethnicity/race: Polynesian

Religion: Roman Catholic

Literacy rate: 50% (1969 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $60 million; per capita $3,800. Real growth rate: n.a. Inflation: n.a. Unemployment: n.a. Arable land: 5%. Agriculture: breadfruit, yams, taro, bananas; pigs, goats; fish. Labor force: n.a.; agriculture, livestock, and fishing 80%, government 4% (2001 est.). Industries: copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber. Natural resources: negl. Exports: $250,000 (f.o.b., 1999): copra, chemicals, construction materials. Imports: $300,000 (f.o.b., 1999): chemicals, machinery, passenger ships, consumer goods. Major trading partners: Italy, Croatia, U.S., Denmark France, Australia, New Zealand (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1,900 (2002); mobile cellular: 0 (1994). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000). Television broadcast stations: 2 (2000). Internet hosts: n.a. Internet users: 900 (2002).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 120 km (Ile Uvea 100 km, Ile Futuna 20 km); paved: 16 km (all on Ile Uvea); unpaved: 104 km (Ile Uvea 84 km, Ile Futuna 20 km). Waterways: none. Ports and harbors: Leava, Mata-Utu. Airports: 2004 est.).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

The two island groups in the South Pacific between Fiji and Samoa were settled by French missionaries at the beginning of the 19th century. A protectorate was established in the 1880s. There is a French-appointed high administrator, a 20-member territorial assembly, and a deputy and a senator to the French national parliament. The three traditional Polynesian kings also help decide internal policy matters. Following a referendum by the Polynesian inhabitants, the status was changed to that of an Overseas Territory in 1961.

Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Overseas Territories

More on Wallis and Futuna Islands from Fact Monster: