April 7

1862

Gen. Ulysses S. Grant defeated the Confederates at the battle of Shiloh.

1913

5,000 suffragists march to the Capitol in Washington, D.C. , seeking the vote for women.

1927

U.S. secretary of commerce Herbert Hoover’s Washington speech was seen and heard in New York in the first long-distance television transmission.

1948

The World Health Organization, a UN agency, was founded.

1949

Rodgers’ and Hammerstein’s Pulitzer Prize winner, South Pacific opened on Broadway.

1994

Hutu extremists in Rwanda began massacring ethnic Tutsis and politically moderate Hutus. In 100 days of killing, an estimated 800,000 are murdered.

2003

Cécile de Brunhoff, creator of Babar the elephant, died.

2009

Vermont becomes the fourth U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage, just days after Iowa becomes the third.

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