April 9

1731

Robert Jenkins's ear was cut off, sparking the War of Jenkins’s Ear between Spain and England.

1865

Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House.

1914

The first full-color film, The World, The Flesh and the Devil, was shown in London.

1939

Contralto Marian Anderson, after being denied performing at Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C., gave a concert at the Lincoln Memorial.

1942

American and Philippine troops on Bataan were overwhelmed by Japanese forces during World War II. The "Bataan Death March" began soon after.

1959

NASA announced the selection of America’s first astronauts, including Alan Shepard and John Glenn.

1963

Winston Churchill became the first honorary U.S. citizen.

1992

Former Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega was convicted of drug and racketeering charges.

2003

American Marines pulled down Saddam Hussein’s statue in Baghdad after U.S. commanders declared his rule ended.

2005

Britain's Prince Charles marries Camilla Parker Bowles.

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