Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt, committed suicide.
The Second Battle of Bull Run took place during the Civil War.
Ty Cobb made his major league batting debut, playing for the Detroit Tigers.
The two-year siege of Leningrad during World War II began.
A hot line between the Kremlin and the White House went into operation to reduce the chances of an accidental war.
Thurgood Marshall was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to become the first African American Supreme Court justice.
East Timor residents voted to secede from Indonesia.