August 4

1735

Printer John Peter Zenger, defended by Andrew Hamilton, was acquitted of libel in a case that helped foster freedom of the press.

1884

Thomas Stevens became the first person to bicycle across the United States. He later bicycled around the world.

1892

Lizzie Borden's father and stepmother were killed with an axe in Fall River, Mass.

1914

Germany invaded Belgium and, in response, Britain declared war on Germany.

1916

Denmark ceded the Danish West Indies, including the Danish Virgin Islands, to the United States for $25 million.

1944

Anne Frank and her family were found hiding in Amsterdam by Nazis.

1964

The bodies of three civil-rights workers were found in an earthen dam, six weeks into a federal investigation backed by President Johnson

1977

President Carter signed a congressional act that established the Department of Energy.

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