August 5

1861

For the first time, the U.S. government levied an income tax.

1884

The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe's Island.

1914

The first electric traffic lights were installed in Cleveland, Ohio.

1962

Marilyn Monroe died.

1963

The United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union signed the limited Test Ban Treaty, which prohibited nuclear weapon tests in the atmosphere, in outer space, and underwater.

1969

The U.S. space probe Mariner 7 transmitted pictures of Mars.

1984

Joan Benoit won the first Olympic women's marathon.

2002

The gun turret of the Civil War ironclad USS Monitor was raised from the ocean floor.

2003

The Rev. Gene Robinson was approved as the first openly gay bishop by the U.S. Episcopal Church.

2012

The plutonium-powered rover Curiosity successfully lands on Mars. Larger than earlier rovers, Curiosity will spend two years examining the land, looking for evidence that conditions on Mars are fit for life.

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