The Holy Roman Empire ended with the abdication of Emperor Francis II.
Bolivia declared its independence from Peru.
Gertrude Ederle became the first U.S. woman to swim across the English Channel.
The first atomic bomb used in warfare was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan.
Jamaica gained its independence within the Britain Commonwealth.
President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which outlawed the poll taxes and literacy tests that had restricted black voter registration in the South.
British prime minister Tony Blair and Sinn Fein president Gerry Adams meet—the first time in 76 years that a British leader and an IRA ally meet.
Arnold Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy to replace Gray Davis as governor of California to Jay Leno on the Tonight Show.
Curiosity, a SUV-size rover, successfully landed on Mars. The rover's research has been planned for the next two years, but since Curiosity's electricity is powered by plutonium, it could be operational and provide insight into Mars for decades to come