Henry David Thoreau's Walden, recounting his experiment in solitary life on the shores of Massachusetts' Walden Pond, was published.
Jesse Owens became the first American to win four gold medals in one Olympics.
The United States exploded a nuclear bomb over Nagasaki, Japan, killing an estimated 74,000 people.
Singapore proclaimed its independence from Malaysia.
Vice president Gerald Ford was sworn in as president following Nixon's resignation.
Jerry Garcia, lead singer and guitarist of the Grateful Dead, died.