December 2

1804

Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned emperor of France in Paris by Pope Pius VII.

1823

President James Monroe outlined his famous doctrine opposing European expansion in the Western Hemisphere.

1859

Abolitionist John Brown was hanged for his raid on Harper's Ferry.

1942

The first controlled nuclear chain reaction was demonstrated at the University of Chicago.

1954

The Senate voted to condemn Republican senator Joseph R. McCarthy of Wisconsin for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute."

1970

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was established.

1982

Barney B. Clark became the first person to receive an artificial heart in a transplant operation.

1988

Benazir Bhutto was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head an Muslim nation.

1990

Composer Aaron Copland died at age 90.

1999

A Protestant and Catholic cabinet convened for the first time in Northern Ireland.

2001

Enron Corp., under CEO Kenneth Lay, filed for bankruptcy.

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