Construction of the first schoolhouse west of the Allegheny Mountains was started in Schoenbrunn, Ohio, by Moravian missionaries.
The U.S. Congress passed the Embargo Act.
French army officer Capt. Alfred Dreyfus was convicted of treason in a court-martial.
Playwright Samuel Beckett died at age 83.
President Obama officially repealed the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" military policy.