December 23

1783

George Washington resigned as commander-in-chief of the U.S. Army.

1788

Maryland voted to cede a 100-square-mile area for the District of Columbia.

1823

The poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas" ("'Twas the night before Christmas"), written by either Clement C. Moore or Maj. Henry Livingston, Jr., was published in the Troy Sentinel of New York.

1913

President Woodrow Wilson signed the act creating the Federal Reserve System.

1947

The transistor was unveiled by American physicists John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain, and William Shockley.

1948

Hideki Tojo and six other Japanese war leaders were executed.

1986

Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager completed the first non-stop, around-the-world flight without refueling aboard the experimental airplane Voyager.

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