Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama died in Cochin, India.
The War of 1812 between America and Britain ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent.
"Silent Night" was composed by Franz Joseph Gruber.
The Ku Klux Klan was formed in Pulaski, Tennessee.
Giuseppe Verdi's opera Aida premiered in Cairo, Egypt, at the opening of the Suez Canal.
Gen. Dwight Eisenhower was appointed supreme commander of Allied Forces by President Franklin Roosevelt.
President Bush pardoned former defense secretary Caspar Weinberger and five others in the Iran-Contra scandal.