Darwin began his voyage aboard the HMS Beagle.
Prohibitionist Carry Nation smashed her first saloon.
Radio City Music Hall in New York City opened.
The World Bank was created with an agreement signed by 28 nations.
The Netherlands transferred sovereignty to Indonesia after more than 300 years of Dutch rule.
The Soviet Union took control of Afghanistan, installing Afghan politician Babrak Karmal as president.
Rwanda's first genocide trial opened for the 1994 slaughter of 800,000 Tutsis.
The U.S. announced plans to hold Taliban and al-Qaeda prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.