December 29

1170

Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered by four knights acting under the orders of Henry II.

1845

Texas became the 28th state in the United States.

1851

The first Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) opened in Boston.

1890

The last major battle of the Indian Wars, at Wounded Knee Creek, took place with hundreds of Indian men, women, and children massacred.

1937

The Constitution of Ireland, changing the Irish Free State into Eire, went into effect.

1940

During World War II, Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London.

1989

Vaclav Havel was elected president of Czechoslovakia.

1996

A peace agreement was signed, ending 36 years of conflict in Guatemala.

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