December 8

1854

Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception.

1886

The American Federation of Labor was founded at a convention of union leaders in Columbus, Ohio.

1941

Congress declared war on Japan and the U.S. entered World War II.

1949

Communist attacks forced the Chinese Nationalist government to flee to the island of Formosa (Taiwan).

1978

Former Israeli prime minister Golda Meir died.

1980

John Lennon, former member of the Beatles, was shot and killed in New York City by a deranged fan.

1987

President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed the first treaty to reduce the nuclear arsenals of the two superpowers.

1993

President Bill Clinton signed The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) into law.

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