U.S. frigate Philadelphia, captured and held by Barbary pirates at Tripoli during the Tripolitan War, was set fire to and destroyed by a small group of men led by Stephen Decatur.
Lithuania proclaimed its independence from Russia.
The tomb of King Tutankhamen, discovered in 1922, was opened.
Nylon was patented.
Fidel Castro became the leader of Cuba after having ousted the right-wing dictator Fulgencio Batista.
The country's first 911 phone system went into service in Haleyville, Ala.
Turkish commandos captured Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan in Kenya, sparking seizures of embassies in Europe by Kurds.