February 23

1821

John Keats, English Romantic poet, died.

1836

Mexican general Santa Anna began the siege of the Alamo.

1896

The Tootsie Roll was introduced by Leo Hirshfield.

1898

1898 French novelist Emile Zola was convicted of libel and sentenced to jail for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing the government of anti-Semitism and wrongly jailing Captain Alfred Dreyfus.

1942

The first Axis shelling of U.S. soil took place near Santa Barbara, Calif.

1945

U.S. Marines raised the American flag on Iwo Jima.

1997

Scottish scientists announced the successful cloning of a sheep, Dolly.

2011

The Obama Administration determines that the Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional.

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