Johann Gutenberg, German printer and inventor, died.
The 15th Amendment (black suffrage) passed.
The 16th Amendment, establishing federal income tax, was ratified.
The U.S. broke off diplomatic relations with Germany.
Rock singers, Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, and Big Bopper died in a plane crash.
Col. Eileen Collins became the first woman to pilot the space shuttle when the Discovery blasted off.