The first polar bear was exhibited in America, in Boston.
Captain James Cook became the first European to visit the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii).
Daniel Webster was born in Salisbury, New Hampshire.
The First Fleet, carrying convicts and sheep, arrived in Australia's Botany Bay.
The ill-fated Scott expedition reached the South Pole, only to discover Amundsen had been there first.
The Nazi siege of Leningrad was broken.
All 50 states joined in the observance of the Martin Luther King, Jr. holiday.