January 20

1801

John Marshall was appointed Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court

1841

As a result of the First Opium War, Hong Kong was ceded to the British.

1942

The Nazis formulated their "Final Solution" regarding the Jews at the Wannsee Conference.

1964

The Beatles released their first album in the United States, Meet the Beatles.

1981

52 American hostages seized from the American Embassy in Tehran were released after 444 days in captivity.

1981

President Reagan became the oldest president to take office (69 years and 349 days).

1986

Martin Luther King, Jr., day was celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.

2009

Hundreds of thousands of people watched in front of the Capitol as President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are sworn into office. Obama makes history as the first African-American U.S. president.

2012

Singer Etta James died less than a week before her 74th birthday.

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