Guy Fawkes, a co-conspirator in the Gunpowder Plot, was executed.
Robert E. Lee was appointed commander-in-chief of the Confederate forces.
The House of Representatives approved the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which abolished slavery in the United States.
The first social security check was issued to Ida Fuller for $22.54.
The first U.S. earth satellite, Explorer I, was launched.
The first McDonald's opened in Russia.