Babe Ruth made his major league baseball debut as a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox.
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work to advance civil rights.
Actor Laurence Olivier died.
The United States and Vietnam established full diplomatic relations.
The News of the World, a British newspaper owned by , closes after several allegations that the paper's journalists hacked into voicemail accounts belonging to not only a 13-year-old murder victim, but also the relatives of soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan.