July 12

1543

England's King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.

1690

Protestant William of Orange defeated Roman Catholic James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.

1862

Congress authorized the Medal of Honor.

1960

The first Etch-A-Sketch went on sale.

1979

Kiribati, formerly the Gilbert Islands, gained its independence from the United Kingdom.

1984

Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale became the first major-party candidate to choose a woman as a running mate when he announced his choice of Geraldine Ferraro.

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