The U.S. Congress authorized the first census.
Ohio became the 17th state in the United States.
Rebecca Lee was the first black woman awarded a medical degree.
Nebraska became the 37th state in the United States.
Yellowstone became the world's first National Park.
The 20-month-old son of Charles Lindbergh was kidnapped.
President John F. Kennedy signed a signed an executive order establishing the Peace Corps.
IRA member Bobby Sands began a hunger strike in Maze Prison; he would die 65 days later.