March 19

1853

During the Taiping Rebellion in China, the rebels captured Nanking and renamed it T'en-ching (Heavenly Capital).

1920

The United States Senate voted down signing the Treaty of Versailles for the second time.

1931

Nevada state legislature legalized gambling.

1953

The Academy Awards were first televised.

1996

Sarajevo became a united city again after four years when Moslem-Croat authorities took control of the last district held by Serbs.

2003

Operation Iraqi Freedom is launched with air strikes on Baghdad, the beginning of the war with Iraq (March 20 in Iraq).

2003

Mahmoud Abbas became prime minister of Palestine. He would later succeed Yasir Arafat as head of the PLO and president of the Palestinian Authority.

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