The Dutch East India Company was established. During its 196-year history, it became one of the world's most powerful companies.
English physicist/astronomer Sir Isaac Newton died in London at age 84.
Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" was published.
Libby Riddles became the first woman to win the Iditarod.
Namibia becomes an independent nation.
Two members of the Japanese cult Aum Sinrikyo released poisonous gas in a Tokyo subway stop during rush hour, killing 12 people and sending over 5,000 to the hospital for treatment.
Ground troops entered Iraq and a second round of air strikes against Baghdad was launched.