Composer Ludwig van Beethoven died at age 56 in Vienna, Austria.
The battle of Iwo Jima ended; about 22,000 Japanese troops were killed or captured in the fighting and more than 4,500 U.S. troops were killed.
East Pakistan proclaimed its independence, taking the name Bangladesh.
In a ceremony at the White House, President Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Begin of Israel signed a peace treaty ending 30 years of war between the two countries.
Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial took place in Washington, DC.
Vladimir Putin was elected president of Russia.